All articles @
Canada
  Canadian National
  • Kitbashing a CN caboose
  • Europe
      Denmark
  • Gs of DSB with high brakeman's platform
  •   France
  • RAILWAY NEWS AND EVENTS IN FRANCE
  •   Germany
  • "Pop" coaches
  • A brief history of German railways
  • A review of Fleischmann's Bavarian GtL 4/4
  • A review of Trix's Bavarian DXI
  • BR01 to 19
  • BR20 to 39
  • BR40 to 59
  • BR60 to 79
  • BR80 to 96
  • BR80
  • BR97
  • BR98
  • Blue F-train coaches
  • Classification of Deutsche Reichsbahn goods wagons (1920-1945)
  • E69 or 169
  • E93
  • Experimental, unique and unusual German locomotives
  • Five figures and three letters - a story of searching and doubt
  • G10 covered goods wagons
  • German steam locomotive numbering system
  • German track-side signs to print out
  • German-English dictionary of railway or technical terms - appendices
  • German-English dictionary of railway or technical terms - main
  • Grandpa is giving a lesson on lettering of early era III coaches
  • Lettering of German freight wagons
  • Modelling a Bavarian Branch Line - part 1
  • Modelling a Bavarian Branch Line - part 2
  • Modelling a Bavarian Branch Line - part 3
  • Modelling a Bavarian Branchline - part 4
  • RAILWAY NEWS AND EVENTS IN GERMANY
  • Umbauwagen
  • What do the white squares and trapezoids mean on goods wagons?
  • What locomotives are appropriate for what rolling-stock?
  •   Latvia
  • Riga and the Latvian Railway Museum
  •   Modelling
  • Converting a FAMA / KISS / ROCO Tm 2/2 to 16.5mm gauge
  • Fleischmann Magic Train box van lengthening
  • Fleischmann Magic Train box van shortening
  • Internationale Modellbahn Ausstellung, Koeln Nov 2000
  • Kadee couplers for European HO rolling stock
  • Making a Fleischmann Magic Train STAINZ look less like STAINZ
  •   Norway
  • Norwegian train travel
  •   Sweden
  • A photo charter journey through Småland and Östergötland, Sweden
  •   UK
  • Gatwick Express
  • Out-n-About - Salfords, Surrey
  • Out-n-About - The Snowdon Mountain Railway, Wales
  • RAILWAY NEWS AND EVENTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
  • RAILWAY NEWS AND EVENTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
  • RAILWAY NEWS AND EVENTS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM
  • General
      Movies
  • Railway Movies
  • Modelling
      DCC
  • Fitting a Digitrax DZ121 into a Roco HO Scale DR BR41 and BR50
  •   General
  • My Maerklin Memories
  •   Layouts
  • Geoff Money's Altburgbahn
  • John Oxlade's Bavarian layout - 1st year's events
  • John Oxlade's Bavarian layout - 2nd year's events
  • John Oxlade's Bavarian layout - an operating session
  • John Oxlade's Bavarian layout - the track plan
  • Rogier Donker's Elliana & Heritage Railroad
  •   Scenery
  • Green Lumps against a Blue Sky
  • US
      Florida
  • The Railroads of Southeast Florida
  •   Modelling
  • Building a Union Pacific SD60M from a Rail Power Products kit
  • Combin(ing) a Chivers Way Car with Boulder Valley Models combine sides
  •   Union Pacific
  • Union Pacific "Double Diesel" Locomotives
  • Union Pacific Century 855
  • Union Pacific DD35 and DD35A
  • Union Pacific SD60 and SD60M
  •   Western Pacific - Union Pacific
  • Out-n-About - The Feather River Canyon, California, USA
  • [an error occurred while processing this directive]

    German-English dictionary of railway or technical terms - main

    Includes railway modelling words and terms

    Author: John Oxlade, Salfords, Surrey, United Kingdom (email: )


    Notes:
    • The letter ß is a German double s, as in Straße, which can also be written Strasse
    • There is an alternative way to write any of the German 'umlauted' letters if you don't have access to umlauts (say on a keyboard), and you may find words written both ways in different places: ä = ae, ö = oe, ü = ue

    The German-English dictionary of railway terms is in two sections:

    The main dictionary:The appendices:
    Select German words beginning with the letter:
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    Groups of terms related to:
    Bahnanlagen, Points (am. Switches), Rail or Track, Signalling, Locomotive wheel/axle layout
    0-9....

    2'C1'h4v
    An example of a scheme for indicating in a minimum number of letters and numbers the type of locomotive.
    See explanation in the appendices.

    A....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Abfahrbereit
    About to depart
    am. Ready to leave

    Ablaufberg, 'Eselsrücken'
    Hump (in a hump/gravity yard)

    Abt
    A form of rack system patented in 1882 by Roman Abt, consisting of teeth cut into flat metal bars, and fitted such that the teeth of one bar are aligned with the gaps in the other.
    Most lines using the Abt system used 2 bars, but the Chilean Transandine Railway used 3.

    Abteilwagen
    Compartment coach

    Abziehbild
    Decal

    Achsfolge
    Wheel arrangement

    Achslager
    Axle box or bearing
    am. Journal box

    Aschenkasten
    Ashpan

    Aufgleisgerät
    Rerailer; aufgleisen to rerail

    Aufgleisen
    To rerail

    Ausbesserungswerk (AW)
    Repair workshops (literally: out bettering works)

    Ausmusterung
    Withdrawal, the taking out of service

    Austauschbauart
    A type of goods wagon design using standard components developed by the DRG.

    Autotransportwagen
    Double-deck car-carrier
    am. Auto-rack freight cars

    B....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Bahnanlagen
    Railway plant or equipment.
    See appendix: Bahnanlagen

    Bahnbetriebswerk (Bw)
    Loco shed / loco depot

    Bahndienstwagen
    Maintenance of way vehicle

    Bahnhof (Bf)
    Station

    Bahnsteig
    Platform

    Bahnübergang, schienengleicher
    Level crossing
    am. Grade crossing

    Beleuchtung
    Lighting

    Baugröße
    Doesn't translate well, but essentially means scale

    Baureihe
    Class

    Befahren
    To negotiate (a bend)

    Befestigt
    Mounted

    Bekohlungsanlage
    Coaling facility

    Beschriftung
    Lettering

    Betrieb
    Operation (back in …)
    am. Operation, business

    Bettung
    Track bed

    Blasrohr
    Blast pipe

    Blattfeder
    Leaf spring

    Blockabschnitt
    Block section

    Bogen
    Curve

    Bogenweiche
    Curved point
    am. Switch or turnout

    Breitspur
    Broad gauge (geater than 4'8.5" / 1435mm)
    There were plans in 1942 to build a network of lines over Europe of 3000mm gauge (approx. 9'10"). - It never happened.

    Bremsen
    Brakes

    Bremser
    Brakeman

    Bremserhaus
    Brakeman's cabin

    Bremsgestänge
    Brake rigging

    Bremsprobe
    Brake test
    am. Air test

    Bremsschlauch
    Brake hose

    Bundesbahn-Zentralamt
    DB central administrative bureau

    C....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Crampton
    A particular type of (old) steam locomotive, usually with large diameter driving wheels under the cab.

    D....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Dach
    Roof

    Dampfdom
    Steam dome

    Dampflokomotive
    Steam locomotive

    Dampfpfeife
    Steam whistle

    Dampfspeicherlokomotiven
    Fireless loco - runs from a tank of steam

    Dampfstrahlpumpen
    Injector

    Deutsche Bahn AG (DB AG)
    German Railway (Unified Germany)

    Deutsche Bundesbahn (DB)
    German Federal Railway (post WWII - West German)

    Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR)
    German State Railway (post WWII - East Germany)

    Deutsche Reichsbahn Gesellschaft (DRG)
    German State Railway from 1920-1949

    Deutsche Schlafwagen und Speisewagen Gesellschaft (DSG)
    German Sleeping Car and Restaurant Car company. Formed in 1950 to handle all internal sleeping and dining car services on the DB.
    Renamed Deutsche Service Gesellschaft der Bahn in 1990.

    Deutscher Staatsbahnwagen-Verband
    German Railway Wagon Assoc. An organisation formed in 1909 to standardise the components in goods wagons, enabling the easier repair of 'foreign' wagons. Wagons to this design are called VERBANDSBAUART.

    DIN
    Deutsche Industrie-Norm - Standards in German industry - like the BSI or ISO

    Doppel-Kreuzungsweiche (DKW)
    Double-slip (switch/turnout), diamond crossing with slips
    am. Double-slip crossing

    Doppel-Kreuzungsweiche (DKW) Bauart "Baeseler"
    An unusual design of double-slip (see DKW above) that I've not seen outside Germany or Austria.
    Roco are the only company I know that makes a model of one.

    Doppelte Weichenverbindung
    Double cross-over

    Drehgestell
    Bogie
    am. Truck

    Drehscheibe
    Turntable

    Dreiweg-Weiche (DWW)
    Three-way point
    am. Three-way switch/turnout

    Druckluft
    Compressed air - for the brakes... usually 8kg/cm2

    E....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Eilzug
    Through train, stopping train

    Einfache-Kreuzungsweiche (EKW)
    Single-slip (switch/turnout)

    Einheitslok
    DRG 'standard' design locomotive

    Eisenbahn Direction (ED)
    A regional administrative unit

    Entkupplungsgleis
    A piece of model track with an integral un-coupler

    Entladeklappe
    Unloading hatch

    Epoche
    Era. See An attempt to explain Epochs.

    Erster-Klasse-Abteil
    First-class compartment
    am. Parlor car, chair car

    Erzwagen
    Mineral wagon
    am. Ore car

    Erzbahn
    Mine railway

    Eselsrücken
    Hump (in a gravity yard)

    Exzenterstange
    Eccentric rod

    F....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Fahrdraht
    Catenary wire

    Fahrgestell
    Running gear, wheels & suspension

    Fahrkarten-Schalter
    Booking office
    am. Ticket office

    Fairlie
    A form of articulation for steam locomotives. Usually refers to a double Fairlie where a double-ended boiler sits on 2 powered units (with cylinders on the outer ends) that are free to move.
    99 162 is a Fairlie.

    Faltenbalg
    Gangway bellows

    Faltenbalgübergang
    Doesn't translate very well, but 'old style corridor connection' is probably good enough.

    Faltenbalg-Übergang
    Intercommunicating gangway bellows

    Feder
    Spring

    Feldbahn
    Literally 'field railway', used to describe light and industrial railways, usually narrow gauge

    Feuerbüchse
    (Inner) fire box

    Feuergewölbe
    Brick arch

    Feuerkammer
    Fire box

    Feuerrohr
    (Large) flue tube

    Flachdach
    Flat roof

    Flachstelle
    Flat, wheel flat
    am. Flat spot, flat wheel

    Fotohalt (bei Sonderfahrten)
    Special stop on an excursion for photographers to get off the train to take photos.
    am. Photo run-by

    Franco-Crosti-Kessel
    Unusual boiler design consisting of 2 cylinders one above the other, with the chimney along the side of the loco. Too complex to explain here.
    50 4018 has a Crosti boiler

    Führerhaus / Führerstand
    Cab

    Funkenfänger
    Spark arrester, spark catcher

    G....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Gedeckter Güterwagen
    Closed goods wagon
    am. Boxcar

    Gefälle
    Gradient
    am.Grade

    Gelenk
    Articulation

    Gelenklokomotiven
    Articulated locomotives. See Mallet and Meyer below as examples

    Genieteter
    Riveted

    Gepäckabteil
    Baggage compartment

    Gepäckwagen
    Baggage car

    Gerade, gerades Gleis
    Straight track, tangent track

    Gleis
    Track, can also mean platform
    See appendix: Terms related to Rail or Track

    Gleisanlage
    Trackage

    Gleisbauarbeiter
    Track worker
    am. Gandy dancer

    Gleisbremse
    Rail brake

    Gleisdreieck
    Triangular junction (primarily for turning locomotives or whole trains)
    am. Wye-track, Y-track

    Gleiswaage
    Track scales, freight car scales, rolling stock weigh bridge

    Gleitlager
    Plain-bearing axle-box
    am. Friction bearing

    Gliederzug
    Articulated train (e.g. Talgo train)

    Großherzoglich Badische Staatseisenbahn (BADEN)
    Grand Duchy of Baden State Railway

    Großherzoglich Mecklenburgische Friedrich-Franz-Eisenbahn (MFFE)
    Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg Frederick-Franz-Railway

    Großherzoglich Oldenburgische Staatseisenbahn (Oldenburg)
    Grand Duchy of Oldenburg State Railway

    Gummiwulstübergang
    Doesn't translate very well, but 'new style rubber corridor connection' is probably good enough.

    Güterbahnhof
    Freight depot, freight yard
    am. Yard

    Güterfernverkehr
    Long-distance (freight) haulage

    Güterschuppen
    Freight shed

    Güterzug
    Freight train, goods train

    Güterzug Tenderlokomotiven
    Freight (tank) locomotives

    Güterzugbegleitwagen
    Guards van
    am. Caboose, waycar

    Güterzuglokomotiven
    Freight (tender) locomotives

    H....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Haftreifen
    Rubber or synthetic traction tyres fitted to model locomotive wheels to increase grip

    Hauptbahn
    Mainline

    Hauptbahnhof (Hbf)
    Main station

    Hauptluftbehälter
    Main air reservoir

    Heeresfeldbahn
    German military (field) railways, used in WWI and WWII

    Heißdampf
    Superheated steam locomotive

    Heißläufer
    Hot box

    Heißläufer-Ortungsgerät
    Hot box detector

    Heißlaufen
    To heat up

    Heizer
    Fireman (stoker)

    Hilfsbläser
    Blower - as an artificial draft for raising steam

    Hochdruck (HD)
    High pressure (steam locomotive boiler)

    Höchstgeschwindigkeit
    Maximum speed

    Huckepackwagen
    Piggyback wagon (lorry trailer transporter)
    am. Piggyback, trailer-on-flatcar (TOFC)

    I....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Indusi
    An inductive train safety device which will stop the train automatically if the driver fails to observe signal indications

    J....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Jahrhundert
    Century

    K....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Kessel
    Boiler

    Kesselsicherheitsventile / Sicherheitsventile
    (Boiler) safety valve

    Kesselwagen
    Tank wagon

    Klose Triebwerk / Klose Lenkachsen
    An unusual form of compensation found on some Wurttemberg steam locos designed to assist negotiation round tight curves.
    99 622 has Klose Lenkachsen

    Klotzbremse
    Shoe brake

    Kohlenkasten
    Coal space in the tender

    Kohlenstaubfeuerung
    Pulverised (coal) fuel firing

    Kolben
    Piston

    Kolbenschieber
    Piston valve

    Kolbenstange
    Piston rod

    Kombiverkehr, Wagen für den ...
    Intermodal wagon
    am. Intermodal car

    Königlich Bayerische Staatseisenbahn (K.Bay.Sts.B.)
    Royal Bavarian State Railway

    Königlich Preußische Eisenbahn-Verwaltung (K.P.E.V.)
    Royal Prussian Railway Administration

    Königlich Preußische und Großherzoglich Hessische Staatseisenbahn (K.P.u.G.H.St.E.)
    Royal Prussian and the Grand Duchy of Hessian State Railway

    Königlich Sächsische Staatseisenbahn (K.Sächs.Sts.E.B.)
    Royal Saxon State Railway

    Königlich Württembergische Staatseisenbahn (K.W.St.E.)
    Royal Wurttemberg State Railway

    Kran
    Crane

    Kraus-Helmholtz-Drehgestell
    Movement of the front bogie causes lateral movement of the front driving wheels to ease the locomotive round curves

    Kreuzkopf
    Cross head

    Kreuzung
    Plain track crossing
    am. Diamond (crossing)

    Kriegslok
    War or austerity locomotive
    e.g. 50UK (a stripped down 50), 42 and 52

    Kühlwagen
    Refrigerator wagon
    am. Reefer

    Kulisse
    Motion link

    Kuppelachse
    Coupled axle

    Kuppelstange
    Coupling rod

    Kupplung
    Coupling
    am. Coupler

    Kupplungspiel
    Slack (in the couplings)

    Kurbelachse
    Crank axle

    Kurbelstange
    Connecting rod (i.e. connecting the driving wheels together)

    Kurve, überhöhte
    Super-elevated curve

    Kurvenreiche Strecke
    Winding line/route

    L....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Lademaß
    Loading gauge

    Lademaß-Überschreitung
    Out-of-gauge load

    Länder
    German Länder are similar to English counties, or American states

    Länderbahnen
    Railways of the former German states (like Prussia) rather than the German State Railway (DRG)

    Länge über Puffer (LüP)
    Length over buffers

    Lasche
    Fishplate

    Laufachse
    Carrying axle

    Leerfahrt
    Light running

    Leerlok
    Locomotive running light (i.e. no train)

    Lichtraumprofil
    Loading gauge

    Linienzugbeeinflussung
    Continuous automatic train-running control

    Lok mit starrem Rahmen
    Rigid-frame loco

    Lokalbahn
    Branchline

    Lokalbahnlok(omotive)
    Branchline locomotives / light railway engine

    Lokführer
    (Engine) driver
    am. Engineer

    Lokomotive, Lok
    Locomotive, loco
    am. Engine

    Lokschuppen
    Engine shed, locomotive shed
    am. Enginehouse

    Luftpumpe
    Air pump

    LüP
    Length over buffers

    M....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Mallet
    A form of articulation for steam locomotives where the locomotive consists of a boiler on top of two powered bogies, both of which face forward, and only the front bogie is free to move.
    Mallets are usually (but not always) compounds, and if compounds, the low pressure cylinders are at the front.
    96 022 is a (compound) Mallet.

    Maßstab
    Scale

    Mehrfachtraktion
    Multiple unit

    Meßwagen
    Test coach

    Meyer
    A form of articulation for steam locomotives where the locomotive consists of a boiler on top of two powered bogies, both of which are free to move. Usually both sets of cylinders are adjacent to each other.
    98 001 is a Meyer.

    MITROPA
    Mitteleuropäischen Schlafwagen- und Speisewagen- Aktiengesellschaft
    The Middle European Sleeping- and Dining- car company.

    Mitteldruck
    Medium pressure (steam locomotive boiler)

    Montage
    Assembly

    MOROP
    Union Européenne des Modélistes Ferroviaires et des Amis de Chemins de Fer / Verband der Modelleisenbahner und Eisenbahnfreunde Europas
    (The Union of European Railway Modellers and Railway Enthusiasts)

    N....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Nachbau
    Replica / reproduction. Also used to describe locomotives built by the DRG to earlier designs.

    Nachschieben
    Banking
    am. Helper or pusher operation

    Naßdampf
    Saturated steam locomotive. i.e. not superheated

    Nebenbahn
    Branch line

    NEM
    Normen europaeischer Modelleisenbahnen - Standards of European model railways

    NEM 311, 313 & 314
    Wheel profile standards

    NEM 362
    A standard for coupling pockets which makes the interchange of coupling heads easy.
    Note that NEM 362 does not cover the close coupling mechanism, just the coupler's fitting.

    Neu
    New

    Neusilber
    Nickel-silver

    Niederbordwagen
    Open wagon / wagon with low sides (lower than a coal wagon)
    am. Low side gondola

    Niederdruck
    Low pressure (of steam locomotive boiler)

    Niete
    Rivet

    Normalspur
    Standard gauge (4' 8.5" / 1435mm)

    O....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Oberflächenvorwärmer
    Feed water heater

    Oberleitung
    Catenary

    Offener Güterwagen
    Open goods wagon
    am. Gondola

    Ölhauptfeuerung
    Oil firing, oil burning

    OPW
    Obschtschij Park Grusowych Wagonow - Joint wagon pool of the Socialist European States

    OSShD
    Organisazija Sodrushestwa Shelesnych Dorog - Organisation for the combined operations of railways - eastern Europe.

    P....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Personenwagen
    Passenger coach
    am. Passenger car

    Personenzug
    Passenger train

    Personenzuglokomotiven
    Passenger (tender) locomotives (as opposed to express passenger locomotives)

    PersonenzugTenderlokomotiven
    Passenger (tank) locomotives

    Pfalzbahn der Königlich Bayerischen Staatseisenbahn (PfalzB)
    Pfalz Railway of the Royal Bavarian State Railway

    Preßspan
    Particle board

    Prellbock
    Buffer stop
    am. Bumper

    Probefahrt
    Test run

    PSe
    Effective power at the drawbar

    PSi
    Indicated power at the cylinders

    Puffer
    Buffer

    Q....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    R....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Radsatz
    Wheel set

    Radreifen
    Tyre, the rim of the wheel
    am.Tire

    Rahmen
    Frame

    RAL
    Reichsausschuß für Lieferbedingungen - a standardisation system introduced in 1927 and still used today for indentifying colours.
    Frequently used for model paint colours in Europe, but not in America.

    Rangierbahnhof
    Marshalling yard, goods yard
    am. Switching yard

    Rangieren
    To shunt
    am. Switching

    Rangieren mit Abstoßen
    Fly shunting

    Rangiergleis
    Siding, sidetrack

    Rangierlok(omotive)
    Shunting locomotive
    am. Switcher

    Rangiersignal
    Shunting signal

    Rauchkammer
    Smoke box

    Rauchrohr
    Boiler tube

    Rauchrohr-Überhitzer
    Smokebox superheater

    RAW
    Reichsbahn Ausbesserungswerk (Reichsbahn repair / workshops)

    Regelspur
    Standard gauge

    Regler
    Regulator
    am. Throttle

    Reichsbahn Direction (Rbd)
    A regional DRG administrative unit

    RIC
    Regolamento Internazionale Carozzi - An organisation that overseas design and construction of coaches that can be used throughout Europe.
    Covers size, weight, brakes etc.

    Riffeln
    Corrugation to rail surface causing excessive noise and vibration which has to ground off with special equipment.

    Riggenbach
    A form of rack system, where the rack is formed of rungs between to side bars - very much like a normal ladder.

    Riggenbach-Gegendruckbremse
    Riggenbach's counter-pressure brake. Limits the amount of steam that can escape from the cylinders during steep downhill running.

    Riggenbach Bauart Bissinger-Klose
    A variation on the Riggenbach rack system where the rack rail is milled from a solid piece of metal rather than fabricated from bars.

    Ringlokschuppen
    Roundhouse

    RIV
    Regolamento Internazionale Veicoli - An organisation that overseas design and construction of wagons that can be used throughout Europe.
    Covers size, weight, brakes etc.

    Rollbock
    Wagon carrier truck

    Rollbockgrube
    Carrier truck pit

    Rollenlager
    Roller-bearing axle-box

    Rost
    Grate (in the fire box)

    Rungenwagen
    Low sided wagon with stakes or stanchions

    S....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Sandkasten
    Sand box

    Sattelanhaenger
    Road semi-trailer

    Sattelauflieger
    Road semi-trailer

    Saugluft
    Vaccuum - as in vaccuum brakes

    Schiebebühne
    Transfer table, traverser, travelling platform

    Schieberkasten
    Steam chest

    Schiebetür
    Sliding door

    Schiene
    Rail

    Schienensteg
    A technical term used to describe the fillet radius between the web and head of the rail

    Schienenstoß
    Joint, rail joint

    Schienenverbinder
    Rail joiner

    Schlacke
    Slag

    Schlafwagen
    Sleeping car
    am. Sleeper

    Schlepptenderlok(omotive)
    Tender locomotive

    Schmalspur
    Narrow-gauge (less than 4'8.5" / 1435mm)

    Schmalspurlokomotiven
    Narrow-gauge locomotives

    Schnellzug
    Express train - usually passenger

    Schnellzuglokomotiven
    Express passenger (tender) locomotives

    Schornstein
    Chimney
    am. Smoke-stack

    Schotter
    Ballast

    Schwelle
    Sleeper
    am. Tie

    Schwelle > Nagel
    Track spike, nail

    Schwelle > Unterlagsplatte
    Base plate

    Schwelle > Stahlbetonschwelle
    Reinforced-concrete sleeper

    Schwinge
    Motion link

    Schwungmasse
    Flywheel

    Sicherheitsventil
    Safety valve

    Signale
    Signals
    See appendix: Terms related to Signalling

    Sonderzug
    Special train, special running

    Speichenrad
    Spoked wheel

    Speisedom
    Feed dome

    Speisepumpe / Speisewasserkolbenpumpe
    (Water) feed pump

    Speisewagen
    Dining car
    am. Diner

    Sperrholz
    Plywood

    Spitzkehre
    Setting-back track

    Spurerweiterung
    Excess width (of the track gauge)

    Spurkranz
    Flange

    Spurkranzschmierung
    Flange-lubricating device
    am. Flange oilers

    Spurweite
    Gauge

    Stahlbetonbruecke
    Concrete-girder bridge

    Standseilbahn
    Cable or funicular railway

    Stehbolzen
    Stay bolt, crown stay

    Steigung
    Bank, gradient
    am. Grade

    Steilrampe
    am.Drag

    Steilstrecke
    Line with steep gradients

    Stellwerk
    Signal box
    am. Switch tower

    Steuerung
    Valve gear only - not connecting rods

    Steuerwagen
    Driving or control trailer
    am. Cab car

    Streckengeher
    Track worker, ganger
    am. Track-man, track-walker

    Strub
    A form of rack system where the rack rail is made from teeth cut into a bar.

    Stück
    The quantity of something.
    i.e. 2 Stück …..., 2 of something

    T....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Tenderlok(omotive)
    Tank locomotive

    Tiefladewagen
    Depressed center flat (well) wagon / car

    Transportgesellschaft
    Haulage contractor
    am.Carrier

    Treibachse
    Driving axle

    Treibstange
    Coupling rod (i.e. cylinder cross-head to driving wheel)

    Triebkopf
    Power car - on end of multiple unit

    Triebwagen
    Railcar

    Triebwerk
    "…werk" means a combination of components put together for a specific purpose. Power transmission.
    1. engine of an airplane, 2. motor of a car, 3. system of rod(s) to transmit the power of a (steam) loco to driving and coupled axles.

    Trieb(wagen)zug
    Multiple unit

    U....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Überhitzer
    Superheater

    Übergangsbogen
    Junction curve

    UIC
    Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer - International Railway Union/Organisation.

    Umbau
    Rebuilt

    Umbaufahrzeug
    Rebuilt vehicle using the older underframe

    Umfahrungsgleis
    Loop line
    am. Runaround, spur track

    V....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Verbandsbauart
    A type of goods wagon design standardised by the Deutschen Staatsbahnwagen-Verband (German Railway Wagon Assoc.)

    Verbindungsgleis
    Special track to interconnect two crossing mainlines otherwise not connected.

    Verbund
    Compound loco - a system whereby the steam from the boiler is used twice before being exhausted. High pressure (small) cylinders first, then the lower pressure (larger) cylinders. 2 and 3-cylinder compounds exist, 4-cylinders are more common.
    96 022 is a (compound) Mallet.
    18 484 is a 4-cylinder 2'C1'. (You can actually see the tail rods for the inner cylinders just above one of the headlights)

    W....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Wagenumlauf
    Turnaround cycle
    am. Turn

    Wannentender
    Bath-tub tender - a wartime austerity design

    Wärmeschutz-Wagen
    Insulated wagon

    Wärmeschutz-Verkleidung
    Heat insulation / cladding

    Waschluke
    Boiler washout plugs

    Wasserkasten
    Water space in the tender

    Wasserkran
    Water crane

    Wasserturm
    Water tower

    Weiche
    Point / turnout
    am. Switch
    See appendix: Terms related to Points (am. Switches)

    Windleitbleche
    Smoke deflector

    X....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Y....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Z....
    Go back to the top of the dictionary

    Zahnradbahn
    Rack (and pinion) railway
    am. Cog railway

    Zahnradlokomotiven
    Rack (and pinion) locomotives

    Zentrale Betriebsleitung, ZBL
    Central control office (as in signalling)
    am. CTC, central traffic control

    Zubehör
    Accessories

    Zugbeeinflussung
    Automatic train control

    Zughaken
    Coupling hook

    Zugzielanzeiger
    Destination display

    Zwergsignal
    Dwarf signal (placed between tracks)

    Zwischenwagen
    Intermediate coach

    Zylinder
    Cylinder

    Zylinderventile
    Cylinder drain cocks
     

    [ last updated 31st Dec 2003 ]