At the very left edge and at the right edge, too,
there are the so called Bremsecken. John already explained them
on his page "What
do the white squares and trapezoids mean on the corners of goods
wagons?". These are signs to tell, what kind of breaking
equipment is fitted to the waggon. This is important, because the
driver has to know,
- how fast the breaks will start to work,
- how long it needs to release them,
- whether it's possible to release breaks partialy
Next there is a whole column of different
inscriptions. At the top there is the Lastgrenzenraster, a
table which tells, how much load can be put to the waggon. The letters
at the top of the table refer to different track classes. Basically A
stands for tracks, that allow 16t per axle, B for 18t per axle
and C for 20t per axle. Nowadays there is also a D for
22.5t per axle.
The letters may be followed by numbers like B1 or C3.
These refer to different loads per unit length of the waggon.
The load given underneath the letters are normally rounded to full
100kg, often to full tons or full 500kg.
There might not be a single row of loads underneath the letters, there
may be more. In these cases there will be either a s or an ss
in the first column. These loads must be observed if the waggon is to
run either 100km/h (s) or 120km/h(ss).
Underneath the grid there is an inscription: 75m³.
This gives the total volume of the waggon.
Next we have: LüP 11,5m. LüP stand for Länge
über Puffer. So the waggon has a total length from the
tip of one buffer to the tip of the buffer at the other end of 11.5m.
Then there is once again a small table. The upper
part of this table gives the empty weight of the waggon. The lower
line, normally written in red, gives the breaking weight of the hand
Next we have a black and white shackered field.
This is a flap, which can be opened to put a sheet of paper in it.
This sheet of paper tells: where this waggon will go, where it
started, who sent the waggon, who will receive it, what is the load,
how much load is in it etc. This flap is only covered by a wire
network, so the sheet of paper is not really protected, but this works
The black field next to this flap is for chalk
inscriptions, e.g. in which train the waggon is to run.
The small table at the lower edge of this black field is for
short-term stickers, stickers, which are only used by the sender or
the receiver of the waggon for his own use. Often you can read the
inscription Nur für Übergangszettel (Only for temporary
slips) on top of this table.
Now we come to the "name" of the waggon.
DB of course denotes the owner of the waggon: Deutsche Bundesbahn.
When we have a privately owned waggon, the DB shows the railway
administration, who registered the waggon.
Next we have a 6digit number, the number of the coach. If the first
digit would be a 5, we would have a privately owned waggon. Let's
stick to privartely owned waggons for a moment: In few cases we have 7
digits, the first two of them being 55. And a privately owned waggon
will always have a P surrounded by a square at the end of the number.
From the first or first two digits of the 6digit number you can tell
the main type of the waggon. Here you might have a look at
by: Stefan Carstens, Rudolf Ossig
W.Tümmels, alba Publikationen, Nürnberg 1989
ISBN: 3-921590-07-8, 3-87094-461-7
(re-released in 2001 by miba Verlag)
Then we have a lettering code. This code is
described in detail by Viktor
Schiffer. So I will not repeat this here.
Slowly we have come to the right side of the waggon.
First we see two arrows pointing at each other: →6,10m←.
This gives the distance between the pivots of the bogies. If we would
have a waggon without bogies, this inscription would give the distance
between the outer axles.
Then there is again a black field. Here one can (hardly) read Knorr
Br.KE(G). This denotes the type of the break, a Knorr type break,
sub type Knorr break with normalised usage (Einheitswirkung)
for freight trains (Güterzüge).
Next we see the letters RIV in a box. These letters
indicate, that the waggon complies with the standards given by the Reglemento
International de Vehiculi.
Last not least a the lower right corner we have
another table. REV stands for Revision (revised). The date at
the right edge gives the day, when this inspection took place, here at
the 1. July 1950 (strange: the first waggon of this type was delivered
At waggons, that have a visible frame, most of the
inscriptions written on the box are repeated on the frame.
Of course there will be more inscriptions on
freight cars. And it has be written above, that the inscriptions may
differ from period to period. But the basics of the descriptions given
here are valid from the mids of the 1950s to the end of the 1960s.
Even today the basics of the inscriptions haven't changed.
To be continued.