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  • [an error occurred while processing this directive]

    What locomotives are appropriate for what rolling-stock?

    (or vice-versa)

    Author: Martin Silz, Essen, Germany

    People who are new to modelling the railways of Germany often ask questions like: "Which loco is suitable for a certain type of coach?" or "What are suitable coaches for a certain loco?" These questions are very difficult to answer. The easiest thing would be to say: "Anything is possible." I even have some pictures of a BR 103 pulling two Silverfish coaches or even a BR 86 on an express train. So perhaps we should start from a different direction: "What loco is suitable for a certain type of train?"

    As there are about 200 different types of locos in Germany, I will only mention those, that are more popular and are (or have been) available as models (in H0-scale, but most of them are also available in N-scale). Mostly these comments are appropriate for the 'DB' period (Epochs 3 and 4), but in most situations it was the same during Epoch 2. This list is rather arbitrary and is not intended to be complete. All borders are not fixed: e.g. A loco intended for semi-fast trains (Eilzüge), can normally be used for fast passenger trains or even express trains (there is a difference between a fast train and an InterCity or 'real' express train). And there have been trains with two goods wagons and a BR 44 in front.

    I will put locos/coaches into some groups, in order not to make it too complicated:
    Light goods trains are supposed to consist of a very limited number of wagons approx. 5 to 8.
    Medium sized goods trains are about 1000 to 1200t.
    Heavy goods trains are 1800t or more.

    Steam Locomotives
    BR 01express trains
    BR 01.10express trains
    BR 03express trains, during their last years also semi fast trains
    BR 03.10express trains
    BR 05short express trains (three to four coaches are more than enough during DB times)
    BR 06heavy express trains
    BR 10express trains
    BR 17.10medium sized express trains, also used to pull trains of the former "Ruhr-Schnellverkehr"
    BR 18(all different types) express trains there have been Bavarian S3/6 in Koblenz during the late 1920s and the 1930s to pull the "Rheingold-Express" the Badenian 18.3 (IVh) was used for testing purposes (Bremslokomotive = breaking locomotive ?) during DB time, no regular express train duty
    BR 19express trains (mainly in Saxonia)
    BR 19.10express trains. As the loco was developed during the late 1930s and was delievered in 1941, it has a very limited time of using. After WWII it was shipped to the USA
    BR 22rebuild version of the BR 39 (DR), mostly heavy passenger trains
    BR 23(DB), mainly passenger trains, but also express trains some were rebuild for push-pull-trains in the Saarbrücken region in the late 1960s and 1970s
    BR 23.10(DR), passenger trains
    BR 24passenger trains on branch lines
    BR 36passenger trains on branch lines
    BR 37passenger trains on branch lines, mostly in Eastern Prussia
    BR 38(all different types, but especially pr P8) one for all there have been some (many) BR 38.10, which were rebuilt for use with push-pull-trains, in this case the back of the cab was closed and the tender was a 2'2'T30 (tub type) also used to pull trains of the former "Ruhr-Schnellverkehr"
    BR 39heavy passenger trains, also heavy express trains in the hills lands (Hügelland)
    BR 41fast goods trains, but also used with passenger trains and even with express trains. The rebuilt version could be seen together with the BR 44 in front of 4000t iron ore trains in the North German region (late 1960s and especially early 1970s)
    BR 42war locomotive, used with heavy goods trains
    BR 432 cylinder version of the BR 44, heavy goods trains
    BR 44THE standard loco for heavy goods trains
    BR 45heavy goods trains, was to be used with fast, medium sized goods trains
    BR 50THE standard loco for medium sized goods trains, also used for passenger trains
    BR 52war locomotive, same duty as BR 50 locos with condensing tender used 'til the early 1950s
    BR 54light goods trains
    BR 55.25medium sized, but slow goods trains (same trains as e.g. BR 50, but 55 km/h only) also used for shunting in the 1960s/1970s
    BR 56.2medium sized goods trains, some passenger trains, also used for shunting in the 1960s/1970s
    BR 56.20medium sized goods trains also used for shunting in the 1960s/1970s
    BR 57.10same as BR 55.25, but only 15t per axle (instead of 17.5t)
    BR 58goods trains on steep gradients
    BR 59special locomotive for steep gradients (Geislinger Steige, Semmering)
    BR 60special locomotive for push-pull-service on the Lübeck-Büchener-Eisenbahn
    BR 61special locomotive for the "Henschel-Wegmann-Zug". After WWII used for passenger trains and light express trains
    BR 62passenger trains, express trains, nicknamed "Small 01" also used to pull trains of the former "Ruhr-Schnellverkehr"
    BR 64passenger trains
    BR 65passenger trains, semi fast trains, some were used for push-pull-trains
    BR 65.10passenger trains
    BR 66passenger trains, semi fast trains, express trains
    BR 70passenger trains on branch lines
    BR 71.0(new DRG loco) passenger trains, also to be used with Leig-units (double goods wagons)
    BR 73passenger trains
    BR 74during Prussian times especially used with Berlin's fast passenger trains (similar to the later so called S-Bahn) during DRG and DB times used with passenger trains
    BR 75passenger trains, semi fast trains
    BR 76fast passenger trains, especially between Frankfurt/Main and Wiesbaden
    BR 77passenger trains, semi fast trains
    BR 78passenger trains, semi fast trains, express trains Leig-units during DB times also used with push-pull-trains
    BR 80shunting
    BR 81heavy shunting
    BR 82any train on steep gradients, heavy shunting (e.g. Hamburg harbour)
    BR 83.10light version of BR 65.10, branch line service
    BR 84special heavy branch line service
    BR 85any train on steep gradients (especially on the Höllental-Bahn near Freiburg in the very south-western part of Germany) 85 007 was used for some weeks on the gradient Erkrath-Hochdahl near Düsseldorf (western part of Germany)
    BR 86THE standard locomotive for all branch line services especially when the BR 64 is too weak
    BR 87heavy shunting, especially in the Hamburg harbour
    BR 88very small lcomotives, used for light branch line service and light shunting
    BR 89.0(new DRG loco) shunting
    BR 89.0(ex pr T8) was to be used with semi fast goods trains in Berlin, but did not work very well mostly shunting
    BR 89(all others) branch line service, shunting
    BR 90branch line service, mainly passenger trains
    BR 91branch line service during DB times mainly used for shunting
    BR 92(all locomotives) heavy shunting
    BR 93heavy branch line service
    BR 94heavy shunting, service on steep gradients
    BR 95service on steep gradients
    BR 96service on steep gradients, mainly used as an additional pushing loco (Schiebelokmotive)
    BR 97rack locos
    BR 98mostly branch line locomotives
    BR 99narrow gauge locos
    Electric Locomotives
    E 03very fast express trains, TEE and IC trains
    E 04semi fast trains, express trains
    E 05express trains
    E 06semi fast trains, express trains
    E 10THE standard express train locomotive
    111same as E 10 many are used for push-pull-trains (S-Bahn)
    E 10.12fast version of the E 10, especially for the Rheingold/Rheinpfeil of 1962, later also TEE trains
    E 16semi fast trains
    E 17semi fast trains, express trains
    E 18express trains
    E 19express trains
    120express trains, also TEE and IC, fast goods trains
    E 32passenger trains, later shunting (e.g. in Munich)
    E 40standard locomotive for medium suzed goods trains, some were used with push-pull-trains
    E 40.11as E 40, but with additional electric break
    E 41THE standard locomotive for passenger trains, semi fast trains light to medium sized goods trains, light not too fast express trains and especially for push-pull-trains
    E 42(ex Prussian) passenger trains
    E 44passenger trains, light semi fast trains, some were used with push-pull-trains
    E 44.5passenger trains, semi fast trains, especially on the line to Berchtesgarden
    E 44.11as E 44, but additional electric break
    E 50heavy goods trains, heavy passenger trains on steep gradients
    151heavy goods trains, heavy passenger trains on steep gradients
    E 52passenger trains, semi fast trains
    E 60shunting
    E 62passenger trains
    E 63shunting
    E 69(almost) exclusively used on the Murnau and Oberammergau line
    E 70passenger trains, light goods trains on branch lines
    E 71passenger trains
    E 75passenger trains, medium sized goods trains
    E 77passenger trains, medium sized goods trains
    E 80shunting, because of additional batteries also to be used on tracks without catenary !
    E 90heavy goods trains
    E 91heavy goods trains, during their last year also used for heavy shunting
    E 92heavy goods trains
    E 93heavy goods trains
    E 94heavy goods trains
    E 95heavy goods trains
    E 244only used on the Höllental Bahn (see BR 85), 25 kV/50 Hz catenary system
    E 310, E 320, E 344all E 3xx can be used with 15 kV/16.7 Hz and 25 kV/50 Hz catenary system used for all purposes (trains between Germany and France)
    E 410same as E 3xx, but also to be used with 1500 V DC and 3000 V DC the DC parts were removed rather quickly (trains between Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands)
    Additional DR Electric Locomotives
    E 11express trains
    E 42THE standard loco for all purposes on the DR, also push-pull-trains
    BR 243same as E 42
    BR 250heavy passenger and express trains, heavy goods trains
    E 251all purposes on the line between Blankenburg/Harz and Königshütte 25 kV/50 Hz catenary system
    Diesel Locomotives
    KöIvery light shunting
    KöfII and IIIlight shunting
    V 20light passenger and goods trains, shunting, maintenance trains
    V 36passenger trains (also push-pull-trains in the 1950s), light goods trains
    V 45shunting
    V 51/52narrow gauge Diesel locomotives
    V 60shunting
    V 80mostly passenger trains, push-pull-trains
    V 90heavy shunting
    V 100passenger trains, semi fast train, light goods trains push-pull-trains V 100.23 (BR 213) special loco for steep gradients
    V 160(especially V 160 and BR 218) push-pull-trains (+ rest of the family) standard loco for semi fast and express trains, medium sized goods trains
    V 160 (BR 216) "mother" of the family
    V 162 (BR 217) more powerful
    V 169 (BR 219) additional turbine, prototype
    BR 210 additional turbine, later the turbine was removed, the locos were renumbered to BR 218.9 - fast express trains
    (V 164) BR 218 more power than V 160, electrical heating of the train
    BR 215 same as BR 218, but steam heating for the train
    V 188heavy goods trains
    V 200express trains, later also used with heavy goods trains
    V 300heavy express trains, heavy goods trains
    V 320heavy express trains, heavy goods trains
    Additional DR Diesel Locomotives
    V 180passenger trains, semi fast trains, express trains goods trains
    V 200heavy goods trains
    V 300heavy goods trains
    BR 132standard locomotive for all purposes on main lines in the former GDR
    BR 142heavy trains on main lines

    And similarly for coaches. Here I'll try to put similar coaches into a group. Remember: Most of the older coaches were downgraded in their last years of duty, either that 1.class coaches became 2.class, or express coaches were not longer used for express trains, but for semi fast trains or even passenger trains.

    Länderbahn Coaching Stock
    express coaches:(mostly 4-axle coaches, but also some and 6-axle coaches) used in express trains until the early 1950s, then only some few coaches could be seen in semi fast trains. 3-axle coaches were rebuilt during the 1930s for passenger trains
    Lokalbahn coaches:(mostly 2-axle coaches) used on branch lines
    Bavarian type ..3i:commuter trains
    Prussian type ..2i and ..3i:branch lines
    type Langenschwalbach:passenger trains on branch lines, mostly those lines with tight (?) curves
    Prussian 3-axle compartment coaches:commuter trains, branch line service, semi fast trains
    During DB times some were rebuild for use in push-pull-trains
    Prussian 4-axle compartment coaches:(also Saxonian coaches are available as models) commuter trains, semi fast trains
    DRG Coaching Stock
    DRG express coaches:(Hechte (= Gruppe 23), Gruppe 29, Gruppe 35, Schürzenwagen (= Gruppe 39, skirted coaches) express coaches all the time
    (pre war) Rheingold:luxurious express train from Hoek van Holland to Basel along the river Rhein
    DRG semi fast coaches:(Gruppe 30, Gruppe 36, 2.class coaches with double doors at each end) semi fast trains all the time
    Donnerbüchsen(Thunderboxes) passenger trains on main lines and branch lines
    During DB times some were rebuilt to be used in push-pull-trains
    Gruppe 33:(similar to the Thunderboxes, but closed entrances, models by Sachsenmodelle and Märklin) passenger trains on branch lines
    DB Coaching Stock
    Gruppe 51:(Mitteleinstiegswagen, middle entrance coaches, ..ym or ..yl coaches) light express trains (so called LS-Züge) commuter trains, push-pull-trains
    Umbauwagen:(rebuilt coaches) stopping trains
    Silberlinge:(Silverfish coaches, ..nb coaches) push-pull-trains
    S-Bahn coaches:(type ..x) as the name says used in S-Bahn trains that is fast commuter trains
    Gruppe 54:(also called 26.4m coaches, because of their standard length, ..üm coaches) THE standard express coaches during epoch 3 and 4
    EUROFIMA coaches:mainly IC trains
    blue pre-WWII coaches:express trains during the 1950s and very early 1960s best known are the (post war) Rheingold express or the (then blue) Henschel-Wegmann-train and the "Blaue Enzian" (with observation coach at the rear end)
    Rheingold 62dark blue/beige coaches, only used for superior express trains along the Rhein, later the coaches were repainted to red/beige and used in TEE and IC trains


    [ last updated 31st Dec 2003 ]